Deforestation is gradually becoming a matter of concern, not only for India, but the entire world. But what does it mean? And how and why does it happen? In simple words, it is the act of uprooting forest area mainly for agriculture and grazing purposes. Although carried out extensively, it is imperative to understand that it is a threat not only to the Earth but also to the entire Human race.
Three-quarters of the Earth’s freshwater comes from forest watersheds. It means, more than half the world’s population relies on forests to fulfill their needs of drinking water and water for agricultural/industrial use. Moreover, deforestation also removes vegetation that regulates the levels of carbon dioxide in the air. Eventually, this leads to the greenhouse effect.
As the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations claims, deforestation is the second-leading cause of climate change. It also accounts for nearly 20% of the total greenhouse gas emissions. The list of factors contributing to deforestation also relates to the economy. Commodities like Beef, Soy, Palm oil, and wood possess a good market value. Thus, they become the main causes of forest encroachment. Although, immediately shutting down such businesses can harm the economy. Therefore, we need a more passive approach to get rid of deforestation.
According to the UN’s Sustainable Forest Management Toolbox, incorporating sustainable farming practices, new technology, and crops will reduce the need for more land. Other alternatives can include the use of HYV seeds and efficient machinery in place of manual labor. Another great way of counteracting deforestation is promoting afforestation in communities and forests alike.
The Sacred Tree recognizes the urgent need to address the issue by conducting tree plantations at different places. We believe that collective efforts can help counteract and even abolish such activities in near future.
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